In the late 19th century, the Wallkill Valley Railroad ferried fresh produce and vegetables from the farmlands of Ulster County to the streets of New York City. It also served as a commuter railroad for passengers traveling along the Hudson Valley. For more than a half century, the railroad supported business and tourism, provided jobs and created a critical economic link between upstate and downstate.

By 1933 only one passenger train ran daily each way, and four years later, all passenger service came to a halt. Over the next few decades, numerous stations along the Wallkill line closed. In 1977, the Wallkill Valley Railroad took its last freight run. Like other American rail systems, it had fallen victim to increased competition by automobiles and trucks.

The Wallkill Valley Railroad sat abandoned for several years. Then, in 1983, plans were launched for the railroad's transformation into a linear park. Rail trail supporters situated along the trail galvanized others in the push toward a trail that would accommodate hiking, biking, running, cross-country skiing and other forms of outdoor recreation.

Establishing the trail was complicated, involving five different legal entities and spanning several years. Once plans were in place, the volunteers who had played a major role in making the trail a reality organized into the Wallkill Valley Rail Trail Association, dedicated to maintaining and promoting the trail.

Working together to give the long-neglected land a new lease on life, Association members helped clear and maintain the trail in Gardiner and New Paltz. They cleared brush, smoothed the road bed, and repaired the bridges to make them suitable for walking, bicycling and horseback riding. In particular, with the help of volunteer carpenters from the nearby religious community of Hutterian Brethren, they planked the Springtown bridge over the Wallkill River with pleasing patterns and flanked it with comfortable benches, making it an attractive destination.

The Wallkill Valley Rail Trail opened informally in April 1991, the 17th such trail created in New York State. Flanked by the majestic Shawangunk Mountains, the trail stretches along the Wallkill River through the Ulster County Village of New Paltz, from Rosendale to Gardiner. In New Paltz, the trail is owned by the village or the town, while in Gardiner it belongs to the Wallkill Valley Land Trust, Inc.

In addition to providing a relaxing and peaceful spot for various outdoor activities, the Wallkill Valley Rail Trail also is the site of a number of special events that are open to the public each year.


  • 1983: Six towns form a committee to consider buying the abandoned rail bed.
  • 1985 (August): Town of Montgomery buys 2 miles of rail bed, from Walden village north to the Shawangunk town line.
  • 1985 (October): Town of Shawangunk buys 2.3 miles of rail bed, from Montgomery town line north to Birch Road (boundary of state prison grounds).
  • 1985 (November): For its prisons, New York State Department of Corrections buys 1.4 miles of rail bed in the town of Shawangunk, from Birch Road north to the Gardiner town line.
  • 1986 (June): John E. Rahl buys 11 miles of rail bed from New Paltz town line through Rosendale to Prospect Street, Kingston.
  • 1988-1990: Wallkill Valley Land Trust, New Paltz town and New Paltz village negotiate jointly to purchase the 12.2 mile rail bed in Gardiner and New Paltz and sell it to the municipalities concerned, who would then transform it into a public rail trail.
  • 1991 (January): Land Trust completes the purchase of the rail bed in Gardiner and New Paltz, and sells appropriate sections, as planned, to the Town and Village of New Paltz. The town of Gardiner declines to purchase its section, so the Land Trust continues to own the Gardiner section.
  • 1991 (April): Informal opening of Wallkill Valley Rail Trail in New Paltz and Gardiner.
  • 1991: Rahl's Wallkill Valley Railroad Co. opens southern half of the Rosendale Bridge as a public walkway.
  • 1993 (June): Town of Shawangunk opens its Jesse McHugh Rail Trail, from the village of Wallkill south to the town border.

Reproduced from "Listen to the Whistle" (Purple Mountain Press, Ltd., New York, 1995), courtesy of Carleton Mabee

ON THE WALLKILL LINE IN THE 1890s: WEST SHORE LOCOMOTIVE 205 (photo from Edward L. May, Fresh Meadows) Click on the image above to get a full-size picture.
THE WALLKILL BRIDGE off Springtown Road.

Before restoration this bridge was badly in need of repair and unusable. Volunteers restored the bridge which offers views up and down the river.